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Table 3 Distribution of living and deceased patients by breast implant status in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Breast Implant Surveillance Study, 1983–1989 (n = 4385)

From: Breast implants following mastectomy in women with early-stage breast cancer: prevalence and impact on survival

  Women with breast implants (n = 817) Women without breast implants (n = 3568) Total (n = 4385) P valuea
  n % n % n %  
Alive 676 82.3 2498 70.0 3174 72.4 < 0.0001
Deceased        
   All malignant cancers        
Digestive system 2 0.2 32 0.9 34 0.8 0.08
Respiratory 3 0.4 51 1.4 54 1.2 0.01
Breast 101 12.4 703 19.7 804 18.3 < 0.0001
Female genital 4 0.5 20 0.6 24 0.5 0.80
Kidney - - 2 0.1 2 0.2 -
Brain - - 7 0.2 7 0.2 -
Melanoma 1 0.1 2 0.1 3 0.1 0.46
Multiple myeloma - - 3 0.1 3 0.1 -
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma - - 3 0.1 3 0.1 -
Leukemia 2 0.2 2 0.1 4 0.1 0.16
   Diabetes mellitus 2 0.2 13 0.4 15 0.3 0.60
   Circulatory system        
Heart disease 4 0.5 65 1.8 69 1.6 0.01
Cerebrovascular disease 2 0.2 14 0.4 16 0.4 0.75
Atherosclerosis - - 3 0.1 3 0.1 -
   Respiratory disease        
Pneumonia/influenza 1 0.1 10 0.3 11 0.3 -
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 2 0.2 23 0.6 25 0.6 0.21
   Digestive system disease        
Stomach/duodenal ulcers - - 3 0.1 3 0.1 -
Chronic liver disease 1 0.1 7 0.2 8 0.2 -
Nephritis - - 7 0.2 7 0.2 -
   All external causes        
Accidents - - 4 0.1 4 0.3 -
Suicides 3 0.4 1 0.03 4 0.3 0.02
   Other cause of death 5 0.6 38 1.1 43 3.6 0.26
   Unknown cause of death 7 0.9 32 0.9 39 3.2 0.91
  1. Sum of deaths will not add to overall total since data are only shown for causes with at least two deaths in either group of women.
  2. aP value for chi-square test or, where appropriate, Fisher's Exact Test.